By Nancy Omolo
Kenya Association of Manufacturers (KAM) and Kiambu County Government with DFID support through FICCF held a validation workshop in June 2016 on Kiambu Government Clean Energy Draft Policy. The Clean Energy policy is guided by the need to limit greenhouse gases emissions and to promote private sector investment in clean energy. The policy contributes towards the national government efforts for universal access to electricity and modern clean cooking solutions.
Recent figures on access to electricity in Kenya show that 33.6 million people approximately 80% of the population of 42 million in Kenya lacked access to electricity in 2011 (International Energy Agency 2013). This means that Kenya has the seventh highest deficit in access to electricity in the world, making it a priority country on the list of several organisations working towards universal access to electricity. For example, Kenya is one of the ‘high-impact’ countries of the SE4ALL initiative, one of the six target countries of USAID’s Power Africa initiative, a key beneficiary of the World Bank’s Lighting Africa initiative and one of the target countries of DFID’s ambitious plans to promote green minigrids in Africa under the International Climate Fund (ICF).
The connection to the national grid in Kiambu of all trading centres is at 98% and only 4% of public institutions not currently connected. However the connection to individual homes is low.
There is need for up-scaling of the rural electrification programme.
A study by M-Kopa and InterMedia in the year 2014 shows that 14% of the surveyed population use solar as their primary lighting and charging source. Kenya is emerging as a hotspot for offgrid solar power. M-KOPA Solar is the world’s leading ‘pay-as-you-go’ energy provider to off grid homes. The study indicates that only 0.8% of households in Kiambu County are using solar for lighting.
LPG has been used in 13.4% of all households in Kiambu, being one of the Counties with the highest share of LPG usage in Kenya. This is also a result of high urbanization and relatively high income as well as proximity to Nairobi.